Canadian oil sands are a very important component of the world's unconventional oil and gas resources and have attracted significant investment in recent years. At present, the Canadian oil sands industry development status in the end how? What have changed recently? This requires us to have a clearer understanding.
Canadian oil sands are rich in resources. Based on the evaluation results of several research institutions, the estimated reserves of oil sands in Canada are about 173.38 billion barrels, and the amount of oil sands is about 1.8 trillion barrels, accounting for the total amount of world oil sands and the total amount of world oil sands 80% and 84% respectively. However, the development of Canadian oil sands resources is still at a very low level. According to the Canadian National Energy Commission (NEB) statistics, as of the end of 2012, Canada's cumulative production of oil sands was 7.511 billion barrels, accounting for only 4.25% of the total oil reserves in Canada, the development potential is huge.
The high cost of the Canadian oil sands industry is facing industry challenges. According to the Canadian Petroleum Manufacturers Association (CAPP) statistics, from 1997 to 2012, the Canadian oil sands industry spending has been increasing year by year. According to the latest CERI report, the Canadian inks SAGD in situ mining costs in 2014, the cost of open pit mining alone, open-air extraction and upgrading of integrated operating costs increased by 4.4% over the same period last year, 1.6% and 5.9%. The cost of oil sands mining under various types of operation shows a rising trend. In addition, according to the PFC Energy 2013 statistics, Canada's oil sands in situ mining and open pit mining in two ways the cost of full-cycle cost of $ 70 per barrel, in terms of development costs, compared with the rest of the world oil at a disadvantage.
The plight of Aboriginal issues is a real challenge for the development of the Canadian oil sands industry. Aboriginals enjoy the special land use rights granted by the Canadian government. In the designated Aboriginal Protected Areas, the aborigines are free to fish and fishing, and the government has no right to carry out business activities in the protected areas, can not be mined, , Can not even collect taxes. Many of the activities of the oil sands industry will inevitably pass through or involve indigenous peoples to live and have an impact on their lives. For example, oil sands mining will take their land, pollute their water sources, and the construction of oil pipelines will go through their possessions. In recent years, more and more indigenous people have opposed and obstructed the development of the Canadian oil sands industry. To make the Canadian oil sands industry normal development, we must pay attention to solve the aboriginal problem.
Increasingly stringent industry regulation is an environmental challenge facing the development of the Canadian oil sands industry. In recent years, more and more Canadian residents (especially indigenous people) have begun to worry about the pollution caused by oil sands to their living environment, forcing the Canadian government to step up regulation of the oil sands industry. At the end of 2009, the Alberta government launched the Regulatory Enhancement Program (REP) to strengthen the regulation of environmental issues, public safety issues and resource utilization issues in the development of oil and gas. On the basis of safeguarding the rights of landowners, Effectively protect public safety, enhance environmental management, and realize the sustainable use of resources. In addition, in order to ensure the safety, health, efficiency, environmental protection and sustainable development of oil and gas resources, especially oil and sand resources, the Alberta Government is establishing a comprehensive resource management system dedicated to energy development and environmental, economic and social harmonization (IRMS). In addition, in October 2013, A province plans to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions per barrel of oil by 40%, for those more than this emission standard of carbon dioxide charges 40 US dollars per ton, which is equivalent to the carbon tax per barrel of oil The original 10 cents to 94 cents.
Shaoxing Shangyu Simo Research institute of organic Chemistry
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